conviction collocations and examples

 UK /kənˈvɪkʃ(ə)n/

Explore meanings in the Dictionary
1

a court’s decision that someone is guilty


Adjectives frequently used with conviction
criminal: criminalPlease declare any criminal convictions.earlier: previous, priorMore than one third of women in prison have no previous convictions.possibly wrong: unsafe, wrongfulAmnesty International believes that their trial was unfair and that their convictions are unsafe.when the punishment is finished/not finished: spent, unspentInformation is required about any criminal convictions or cautions, including spent convictions.
Verbs frequently used with conviction
have a conviction: haveHe had 3 previous convictions for drunk-driving.when someone is found guilty: obtain, secureThe fire investigation team helped find the evidence to secure the conviction of a man for setting fire to his own flat.when a court’s decision is found to be wrong: overturn, quashOn appeal, his conviction was quashed by the Court of Appeal.when a court’s decision is found to be right: upholdThe Court of Appeal has today upheld the conviction of Barry Smith for the murder of Jane Riley.
2

a strong belief; the feeling or appearance of being certain about something


Adjectives frequently used with conviction
strong: absolute, deep, firm, profound, strongThey no longer feel guilt and carry on with absolute conviction that they are right.types of conviction: moral, personal, political, religiousHe had strong religious convictions which influenced the way he lived his life.
Verbs frequently used with conviction
have or express conviction: express, have, holdHe expressed his conviction that climate change is one of the biggest challenges we face.

Usage note

If you say something with or without conviction, it means that you are confident/not confident about it: ‘You may be right,’ she said without conviction.

share conviction: shareThe contributors all share the conviction that the original findings were flawed.make conviction stronger: confirm, reinforce, strengthenAll these points strengthen my conviction that change is inevitable.make conviction weaker: shakeShe accepted what they were saying but it didn’t shake her conviction that she was doing the right thing.

Usage note

If an argument etc is convincing you can say that it carries conviction: Statements like that would not carry conviction unless they were backed up by evidence.

 
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